Vetiver Network International Forum

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#1 2019-02-25 05:35:40

Dick_Grimshaw
Moderator

Treatment of Wastewater from an Institutional Kitchen

Effectiveness of Vetiver System for the Treatment of Wastewater from an Institutional Kitchen
by: Mini Mathew, Sr. Claramma Rosary, Mathukutty Sebastian, Sandra Maria Cherian

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the potential of using Vetiver System (VS) for the treatment of wastewater generated from an Institutional kitchen. Vetiver grass is a perennial grass with deep root and has high biomass system. Researchers proved that Vetiver grass have extraordinary ability to with stand extreme environmental conditions such as elevated levels of salt, acidity, alkalinity, sodicity as well as whole range of heavy metals, nitrogen (N), and phosphorous (P). There are around 800 inmates in this institutional hostel; as a result large amount of wastewater have been produced everyday in campus kitchen wastewater outlet. A pilot experimental setup was made for the treatment of wastewater produced from the wastewater outlet and the capability of using VS for the treatment was studied. Experimental setup includes 5 drums of130 liters capacity and is filled with soil, the Vetiver grass is planted in them and was connected in series using different pipe fittings. Each tank has outlet at the bottom of the tank and inlet provided at top with sufficient free board. The wastewater was supplied through the inlet of the 1st tank and was allowed to pass through the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th tanks and the treated water was collected at the outlet of the 5th tank. The water quality parameters of wastewater and treated water were analysed and the effectiveness of using VS for the treatment was assessed. The various water quality parameters like pH, turbidity, acidity, alkalinity, BOD, COD, DO, Ecoli were analysed for the wastewater and treated water. It is observed that the wastewater treatment using VS has significant potential to reclaim the wastewater. The VS is able to remove 80 to 85% of BOD, 85 to 90% of COD, and 85% of total Coliform. Most of the water quality parameters are within permissible limits as per IS 10550, 2012 and IS 2292, 1992.

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#2 2019-02-25 06:12:52

Evan
Administrator

Re: Treatment of Wastewater from an Institutional Kitchen

Just downloaded this one. Abstract covers the majority of it.

There is a picture of the Vetiver at the 400 day mark. No mention if they were cutting the grass and it doesn't look like.

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#3 2019-02-25 07:11:55

Dick_Grimshaw
Moderator

Re: Treatment of Wastewater from an Institutional Kitchen

What was the soil mix that the tanks filed with?

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#4 2019-02-25 11:56:48

Evan
Administrator

Re: Treatment of Wastewater from an Institutional Kitchen

From memory, just says soil.

The setup
includes 5 drums each contains 130 liters capacity and those are connected in series. The drums were filled with
soil and Vetiver is planted in them.

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#5 2019-02-25 16:24:54

Dick_Grimshaw
Moderator

Re: Treatment of Wastewater from an Institutional Kitchen

No mention of the volume of effluent passed through the system. The filter medium should be something other the soil?

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#6 2019-02-26 08:44:55

Evan
Administrator

Re: Treatment of Wastewater from an Institutional Kitchen

Average kitchen wastewater per person x 800 people (inmates would use less than the average?).

I thought the turbidity would be removed by the soil alone (similar to SSF) but the Vetiver made a difference.

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